1895  ELEVENTH SALON of the INDEPENDENTS (April 9 – May 26)

Henri brought 10 paintings to the 1895 Salon:
View of Parc de Montsouris
-View from an Arch of the Bridge of Sevres
-View of Saint Cloud from the Heights of Bellevue
-View of the Footbridge of Passy
View of the Quai de l’Arsenal
-View of the Tip of Ile du Bas-Meudon
-Portrait of Madame L.
-Portrait of M.B.
-Portrait of a Child
Portrait of Madame A. J., actually the portrait of Alfred Jarry. Jarry was mistakenly identified as “Madame” because of his long hair. The portrait has been lost or destroyed. (SEE PART 17 for more on Alfred Jarry.)

View of Parc de Montsouris, 1895

Henri Rousseau | View of Parc de Montsouris | 1895 Salon of the Independents, Paris

Henri Rousseau | View of Parc de Montsouris | 1895 Salon of the Independents, Paris

View from an Arch of the Bridge of Sevres, 1895

Henri Rousseau | View from an Arch of the Bridge of Sevres | 1895 Salon of the Independents, Paris

Henri Rousseau | View from an Arch of the Bridge of Sevres | 1895 Salon of the Independents, Paris

View of Saint Cloud from the Heights of Bellevue, 1895

Henri Rousseau | View of Saint Cloud from the Heights of Belle View | 1895 Salon of the Independents, Paris

Henri Rousseau | View of Saint Cloud from the Heights of Belle View | 1895 Salon of the Independents, Paris

View of the Footbridge of Passy, 1895

Henri Rousseau | View of the Footbridge of Passy [in Paris] | 1895 Salon of the Independents

Henri Rousseau | View of the Footbridge of Passy [in Paris] | 1895 Salon of the Independents

SHORT  AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL  NOTE  written by Henri Rousseau, July 10, 1895, Paris.  Alfred Jarry had suggested that Rousseau write this.  It was to be published in the second volume of Portraits of the Next Century. However, the volume was not published.

“Born at Laval in the year 1844, was at first forced, owing to his parents’ lack of fortune, to pursue a career different from that to which his artistic tastes called him.

It was therefore not until 1885 that he made his entry into Art, after many reversals, alone, with no Master other than nature and bits of advice culled from Gerome and Clement.  His first two works to be shown were submitted to the Salon des Champs-Elysees:  They were entitled An Italian Dance and A Sunset

Next year he painted Carnival Evening  and A Thunderbolt.  Followed by Expectation,   A Poor Fellow,   After the Feast,   Departure,   Picnic,   The Suicide,   For My Father,   Myself, Portrait-Landscape of the Artist,   Tiger Chasing Explorers,   A Hundred Years of Independence,   Liberty,   The Last of the 41st[?],   War,  a genre portrait of the man-of-letters A.J.  .  .  . and some 200 drawings, both pen and ink and pencil, along with some landscapes of Paris and environs.

After many difficult trials he managed to make a name for himself among some of the artists of the day.  He continued to improve his mastery of the original genre he had developed and is now on the way to becoming one of our best realistic painters.

His appearance is notable because of his bushy beard and he has long been a member of the Independants, believing as he does that complete freedom to produce must be granted to the innovator whose thought is elevated toward the beautiful and the good.

He will never forget those members of the Press who understood him and supported him in his moments of discouragement and who assisted him in achieving his goals.”  [ Henri Rousseau, The Museum of Modern Art, NY,  1985, p.256.]

OTHER  PAINTINGS  WHICH  ARE  BELIEVED TO HAVE  BEEN  COMPLETED   by HENRI  ROUSSEAU  ABOUT  the  YEAR 1895.

Portrait of a Woman, 1895, purchased by Picasso.

Henri Rousseau | Portrait of a Woman |Paris | 1895 | one of Picasso's  favorite paintings

Henri Rousseau | Portrait of a Woman |Paris | 1895 | one of Picasso’s favorite paintings

The painting is over 5′ tall and almost 3 1/2′ wide (160 cm. x 105 cm.).  Picasso paid only 5 francs for this large portrait at a second-hand store. Of course he purchased it at a much later time, because Picasso did not come to Paris until 1900.  The portrait by Rousseau was one of Picasso’s favorite paintings. And again it demonstrates how little Rousseau’s paintings were valued until the later years of his life.

 Discussion Points
– Rousseau’s use of black, as in War, Boy on the Rocks, and many other paintings
– Mountains in the background, as in Boy on the Rocks
– Symbolism in his use of the different flowers and the upside-down branch
– Who is the lady?
– Why did Picasso like the painting so much ?
– What effect, if any, did the portrait have on Picasso’s method or style of painting ?

Artillery Men (Les artilleurs), 1893-1895

Henri Rousseau | Artillery Men (Les artilleurs) |Paris,  1893-1895 | courtesy of Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

Henri Rousseau | Artillery Men (Les artilleurs) |Paris, 1893-1895 | courtesy of Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

Family Fishing, 1895

Henri Rousseau | Family Fishing | Paris | 1895

Henri Rousseau | Family Fishing | Paris | 1895

 The Bievre River at Gentilly, 1895 (?)

Henri Rousseau |The Bievre at Gentilly | 1895 (?)

Henri Rousseau |The Bievre at Gentilly | 1895 (?)

Rousseau must have painted this at the outskirts of Gentilly. Many industries grew up along the Bievre River as it neared Paris. The narrow river was used as a sewer system and included much industrial waste. It was so polluted that it was considered a health hazzard. When it came to the city of Paris, the river was taken underground and became part of the city’s sanitary sewer system. Today the Bievre River in the urban areas, including Gentilly, is underground.

Here is another painting of the Bievre River at Gentilly, probably painted about the same time, by the famous French artist and wood engraver, Auguste Lepère (1848-1918).  The setting for the painting would be at the outskirts of Gentilly, because more industry lined the river as it got closer to Paris.

La Bièvre à Gentilly (The Bievre at Gentilly) |Auguste Lepère (1848-1918)

La Bièvre à Gentilly (The Bievre at Gentilly) |Auguste Lepère (1848-1918)

Here is a photograph showing some of the industry along the Bievre.   It was probably taken just before Paris was rebuilt and the Bievre was put underground.  It was taken by the official photographer of Paris, Charles Marville [Charles François Bossu] (1813 – 1879).

Tanneries along the Bievre River, Paris | late 1800's | photo by French photographer Charles Marville [Charles François Bossu] (1813 – 1879)

Tanneries along the Bievre River, Paris | late 1800’s | photo by French photographer Charles Marville [Charles François Bossu] (1813 – 1879)

TO  BE  CONTINUED

1. The Story of a Man determined to be one of the Greatest Painters in France GO TO PART 1
2. Born in FRANCE|Kings & Castles|Revolution|Napoleon|Victor Hugo GO TO PART 2
3. Henri Rousseau | His Family and Childhood GO TO PART 3
4. Henri Rousseau | SOLDIER BOY GO TO PART 4
6: Henri Rousseau | Sunday Painter | Love and Life in Paris GO TO PART 6
7. Henri Rousseau | Six Children Died / Only Julia Lived Past Age 18. GO TO PART 7
8. Henri Rousseau | Paris Customs Office (The Douanier) | Painting on the Job GO TO PART 8
9. Henri Rousseau | 1884 – not good enough | The French Art Salons GO TO PART 9
10. Henri Rousseau | 1885 Debut | 1886 A Carnival Evening GO TO CHAPTER 10
11. Henri Rousseau | Adieu, Mon Cher Amour. GO TO PART 11
12. Henri Rousseau | 1889 World’s Fair GO TO PART 12
13. Henri Rousseau | 1891 | Surprised! GO TO PART 13
14. Henri Rousseau | Looking for Love in Paris | 1893 | Moving to Montparnasse GO TO PART 14
15. Henri Rousseau | full-time painter | “War” in 1894 | Julia: “Au revoir, papa” GO TO PART 15
16. Henri Rousseau | Ambroise Vollard – the art dealer GO TO PART 16
17. Henri Rousseau | Alfred Jarry | More on “War”| Paul Gauguin GO to PART 17

Enfant de Fleur: Authentic, Unretouched Portrait by Henri Rousseau: GO TO PORTRAIT
Enfant de Fleur/Flower Child: Child Portraits Compared: GO TO CHILD PORTRAITS
Enfant de Fleur: Is Flower Child his granddaughter ? GO TO GRANDDAUGHTER
Henri Rousseau Paintings in Museums around the World GO TO MUSEUM PAGE
Enfant de Fleur/Flower Child: Fine Art Investment Opportunity GO TO OPPORTUNITY
Contact Page GO TO CONTACT PAGE

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